Tuesday, October 03, 2017

IN TODAYS NEWS


                                   The First peoples

who were the first peoples, and how did they structure their world?

 different groups of people who lived in similar geographical areas shared cultural elements which are the food sources, housing, clothing etc.
the 6 cultural areas are
-Arctic
-Subarctic(western,eastern)
-northeast coast
-plateau
-great plains/prairie
-woodlands

there language is one of the most important part of there culture
till this day only 94% of indigenous languages in Canada are at risk. for there culture areas are
-subarctic(west and east)
-great plains/prairies
-woodlands
language groups are:
-Cree
-Dakota
-ojibwe\Ojibway
-oji-cree
-dene



Saturday, September 30, 2017

In Today's News





Well in todays class we learned about the social structure of the first nations people of Canada. first in our notes we were taught about the clans and how they worked.


 Clan :A clan is a group of people who exist in a larger area. Clans are usually determined by a common ancestor and where they live. Some groups fallow there moms (maternal) or dads (paternal) line.


Size: The size of these clans is determined by the availability of resources to make sure there enough food, shelter and water if there's a lot of resources means that there would be a bigger community. The size of the clans also depend on the season. For ex) "Many Blackfoot nations lived in small community for the summer because there wasn't a lot of resources for all of them and in the summer they would all become one massive community to make buffalo hunting more successful.


Gender roles: the gender roles of the First Nations were flexible me ahh you could do more then 1 job. The men usually have done the hunting if they need to be defended firm other clans they would also do that. They also mostly negotiated with other clans. The women usually organized the people I think that's like what ever Jon someone does etc: and there did the preparation of the game that was hunted and planted and harvested crops.

Elders
An elder was someone who was recognized for having great wisdom and knowledge. Most elders are the elderly but in the odd case there can be some younger people. Man or woman it only mattered for their experience, mostly natural leaders. These people were greatly respected and many people seeked their counsel.

Education

All the children in the community learn all the stuff they need to know from the other member from the community. They figure out what they want to do in the clan by just by wandering around asking anyone if they can teach them one of the skills there good at. Everyone was expected to know their tribes history, spiritual ideas and practical skills, like fire building and survival.

Justice and Conflict

Their justice system was more based around healing the person instead of punishment. When someone killed another then they would often speak to the elders so they could find out what part of the medicine wheel was out was out of balance so they could fix it. A couple of times they would send the person out into the wilderness either by themselves or wth an elder to help them find themselves to prevent it happening again. Stealing was mostly unheard of because everthing was shared instead of owned by a person. All of these decisions were made for the best outcome for the community. Murder was such a serious crime that it was seen as the responsibility of the whole community.

Quotes

"Any individual within a culture is going to have his or her own personla interpretation of the collective cultural code; however, the individual's world view has its roots 

https://www.ictinc.ca/blog/indigenous-peoples-worldviews-vs-western-worldviews

In the old days we used to respect everything… This isn’t done today, that’s why we are lost.
http://www.sicc.sk.ca/plains-cree-elders-quotes.html


Friday, September 29, 2017

In Today’s News !!

In today’s class we discussed the First Peoples and their relationships. We talked about their Leaders, Trade, Peace & Conflict & Haudenosaunee Confederacy/Grand Council. 

Leaders:
They did not just pick randomly as they were picked through various different ways dependant on their ability in certain areas. For example, they needed excellent hunting skills and strong negotiation skills. They were also picked depending on their family ties. However, leaders could change very often depending on the season it may be, if whomever had the powerful community confidence and if they had a good standing in their communities status! 

“A First Nations leader works with the people, rather than commanding or having power over them”. 
Reference:
First Nation chiefs Traditional or Elected Roles and Responsibilities. Uploaded by; Indigenous Corporate Training INC, 2017. Available @: https://www.ictinc.ca/blog/first-nation-chiefs-traditional-or-elected-roles-and-responsibilities

Trade:
We learned that trade is what brought together several First Nation Groups together. They would trade things that were accessible to them and that they had a lot of in return for goods that they may not have enough of or at all. These trades included items such as, canoes, arrowheads, silica & obsidian. Trades were often turned into social events that could include rituals such as, marriages, military alliances & ceremonies. Did you know that, the Forks has been a trading site for over 6000 years !!!!!! 

“The treaties and alliances between the Europeans and First Nations people in the 17th century show the mutual respect for each other's sovereignty, and recognize each other's right to maintain their own customs.” 

Reference:
The Beginnings of the Fur Trade- First people of canada, uploaded by; anonymous, 2007. Available @; http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_furtrade/fp_furtrade2.html 

Peace & Conflict:
The alliances and friendships benefited all the people. For example, we learned that the Nehiyewak & Nakota peoples, hunting territory overlapped so they work together. Also some formal confederacies were created amongst several groups. These people would get together to trade in summers, marry and to hunt. Also treaties were used to maintain peace !!! War was only used for a last resort. 


Haudenosaunee Confederacy/Grand Council:
The Haudenosaunee was the earliest known peace treaty within the past 5 major Iroquois nations. This was established in 1142 and caused a stop to history of warfare alongside the Great Lakes Region. The Grand council had 50 chiefs who made the decisions and kept peace !!! As a matter of fact, the council still meets to this day!!!!! 


In the shoes of a first nations person



First Nations people were the first people to live in what is now known as Canada. They lived of the land and formed it into the country we all call home. Without there impacts Canada would have a much different then what it is. If the Europeans had come to this land, and it was empty all of us would just be a clone of their motherland. The First Nations gave the country culture and taught the Europeans  everything they know now. Both civilizations did many things for each other without the knowledge of the first nations they would never have been able to survive the long winters.  They taught them how to live off the land and use everything they could. In the end the Europeans began to ignore their first Nations peoples and do things her own way it will lead Canada to be very different than what it was destined to be.  For example running out the bison population. 

 The first nations  how do you work hard to keep their culture going in  this changing land.  With new people new techniques the first Nations stay true to their culture but still use them as an asset to such as trading.  They were not always even trade but it was always a good deal in the first nations mind.  They have things they never seen before such as forks and guns.  As more and more Europeans came and it became more colonized if you can cover for the first nations to  keep their land and hunting areas.  They slowly became pushed out of their land and religious areas. their sacred lands were or now infested with the British. With use of  peace treaties they did agree upon first nations la nds, so In a way they did not really win but at least were not pushed out of their land completely.


They did there best to stay true to what they are always done.  Using every part of each animal, teaching their kids respect,  not over hunting,  and most importantly their religion.  Each young child learning how to do their part in the community in whatever way they like.  They were never told they couldn't do something, as a boy you could do anything I'll girl can do. And as a girl you could do anything with the males can do.  Young sure there would wonder from  station to station and learn different crafts and  stations.  They can spend as much time as little time as they want each area.  There is no pressure to pursue any specific "job". Even with sticker older if they're tired of hunting they could put a clean and prepare animals. 

 In conclusion the first Nations peoples had a very different culture  then the new inhabitants of the land, new culture, new rituals, and new tools.  While we did the first nations would not have  developed as quickly as the dude with the help of the new people's, one might say they would've had a better life  without this colonization. 

http://blue-cattleya.tumblr.com/ 2013, Gathering of Nations PowWow , GIF image, tumblr, Sept 2017, http://blue-cattleya.tumblr.com/post/133212494181/code-talkers-at-the-gathering-of-nations-powwow

Aboriginal Social Structure



Social Structure

The Aboriginal peoples structured their communities into clans which are like a massive extended family. 

Clans

A clan is a group of people who live together because of their genetic heritage or what they believed was their ancestry animal or simply because of geographic location. The members of these clans can trace their heritage back to a male or female ancestor. Sometimes these clans would go to war with each other. Many clans actually have different roles within a community examples of these clans are as follows: The Sevens Clans are believed to be the predecessors to many clans  here are the seven original clans:
The Crane Clan: This clan is also referred to as the Outside Chiefs. Their role is to negotiate peace with outside communities.
The Loon Clan: This clan is referred to as the Inside Chiefs. Their role is to settle disputes and issues within their home community.
The Bar Clan: This clan's role is to protect the community. Their also known for having a short temper so their usually on the outskirts of a community. They also serve medicine people for their knowledge of using plants to treat illness and afflictions.
The Deer/Hoof Clan:  This clan's role is to oversee social aspects of a community such as ceremonies and celebrations.
The Bird Clan: This clan's role is the teachers and farmers
The Marten Clan: This clan's role is the warriors and builders.
The Bird Clan: This clan's role is the philosophers in a community and as advisors to clans Chiefs
I got this information from:Anishnaabeg

Extended families


A entire community was usually considered one big extended family. This would include Parents, Uncles/Aunties, Cousins and many more.





Thursday, September 28, 2017

In Todays News sept 21st

Todays News

Sept 21st



Today we talked about the social structures of first nations communities we talked about their extended families, clans, community size, gender roles, elders, education, justice and conflicts.


Extended families


They had their whole families children grandparents aunts and uncles and their cousins they all worked together to survive.


Clans

These clans all shared a common ancestor or banded together because of geography sometimes these clans followed their paternal line or maternal line.

Community size

Their community sizes were based on how many resources they had. This sometimes changed during seasons, in summer they would band together and work together to hunt bison. during the winter they would splinter into smaller groups so that the land could sustain them.

Gender Roles

In their communities women would traditionally organize who did what. They also prepared the game the men brought back they would plant and harvest crops.
Men would traditionally hunt for food in large groups and would defend their tribes. The men would handle most diplomatic functions for their tribe.
Although these roles were really flexible they mostly stayed in the traditional roles.

Elders

An elder was someone who was recognized for having great wisdom and knowledge. An elder did not have to be Elderly but mostly they were . Man or woman it only mattered for their experience, mostly natural leaders. These people were greatly respected and many people seeked their counsel.

Education

Children learned by doing things in the community and the education was very informal. It was more just a kid wandered around and tried many different things like cooking and if they didnt like it then they would go and try something else. Everyone was expected to know their tribes history, spiritual ideas and practical skills, like fire building and survival.

Justice and Conflict

Their justice system was more based around rehabilitation instead of punishment. When someone killed another then they would often speak to the elders so they could determine what part of their being was out of balance. Sometimes those that killed were sent to solitary to think on why they killed. Stealing was mostly unheard of because everthing was shared instead of owned by a person. All of these decisions were made for the best outcome for the community. Murder was such a serious crime that it was seen as the responsibility of the whole community.

These websites have some good info


https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1307460755710/1307460872523

The beginning of this website is good


https://wearecanadians.wordpress.com/category/canadian-history/first-nations-relations/


http://www.umanitoba.ca/architecture/cp/app/sections/issues/other/housing/traditional_housing.html










Friday, September 22, 2017

In Today's News!

          Today in class we discussed the first people and their social structure. We talked about how our community is organized, and what some of the written and un written laws/practices are. Then we talked about how the community was organized.

          The first one we talked about was extended families (a family that includes in one household near relatives such as grandparents, aunts, or uncles in addition to a nuclear family) within a community. Communities were made up of many different kinds of extended families but the most occurring one includes; a child, grandparents, aunties and uncles, as well as cousins. 
          
          The next area we talked about was clans. A clan is considered as a group of people who make up a community or who exist inside of a larger community. A clan is mostly determined by common ancestry, like if you share the same ancestors, or geography so if you live in the same area. 
          
          Next was the community size. This is dependent upon the availability of resources to make sure that you have enough food, shelter, safety, etc. If you have a lot of resources within your community the bigger it is and the faster it will grow. The amount and availability of resources may rely on the seasons and climate of your area. An example of this is many Blackfoot nations lived in small clans in the winter but joined together as a large group to hunt bison in the summer. 
          
          The next factor that we talked about was gender roles. Women organized, prepared games, as well as planted and harvested crops. The men within the community hunted, defended the group, and negotiated relationships with other groups. Roles within the community were quite flexible, and everyone's contribution to helping the community was accepted, regardless of the traditions. 
          
          The next big factor within a community was elders. An elder is someone who is recognized for having a lot of knowledge and wisdom. An elder can be anyone, man or women, young or old, but they must have experience. They are leaders who teach through examples, and they are turned to lots for help and guidance and are respected greatly. 
          
          Next was education, in a community children learned by doing and were taught by their whole community. Everyone was expected to know their history, spiritual ideals, and all the practical skills.  The education within the first people was meant to guide children, not to intimidate them and control them. Everyone in the community was free to make their own choices as well as learn from their mistakes. The teachings themselves were holistic, meaning relating to or concerned with wholes or with complete systems rather than with the analysis of, treatment of, or dissection into parts. The mental, physical, emotional, and spiritual well being of the people was all being taken into consideration. 
         
         Lastly we discussed justice and conflicts, everyone within the group worked towards the good of the community. Everything was shared within the community, and by doing this it kept theft to a minimum. The people that broke the customs of the group were seen as un balanced, and were counseled by elders to make amends and restore the harmony within the group.


Refrences:


Definition of Holistic.(2017). Uploaded by Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Website available online at  https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/holistic


Definition of Extended Families.(2017). Uploaded by Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Website available online at https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/extended%20families